Wednesday, June 19, 2024
NewsElectrified roads are coming to Sweden in 2025

Electrified roads are coming to Sweden in 2025

  • Electrified roads exist in Sweden since 2016.

  • The true first portion of electrified road will launch in 2025.

  • This solution would reduce the size of batteries in EVs.


 

The automotive industry is currently still exploring other solutions to make the electrification of the automobile more economically viable. One of the challenges of the electric car is its range, which requires the owner to stop to recharge the vehicle’s battery. And to increase the distance between recharges, manufacturers are forced to add bigger and heavier batteries to cars powered by electrons.

One way is to offer charging during the journey, a solution which does not require the driver to stop to receive the energy required to continue. In Sweden, this has already been in place for a few years, but until now, continuous charging had only been offered on a very short stretch of road (about 1.2 miles… or 1.9 km), and it was limited to heavy transports.

The first road to offer such technology had charging arms installed over the top of the electric trucks. Another stretch of road relied instead on charging pads installed under the asphalt. A third solution required the trucks in question to lower an arm to receive power from the electric rail below, which was milled into the asphalt.

The E20 road, a strategic stretch of road in Sweden, will become the first of its kind to be equipped with a greater distance for charging while driving. Indeed, by 2025, no less than 21 km of road will be “electrified”, allowing electric vehicle owners to extend their range without having to stop.

For the moment, no decision has been made on the type of recharging solution, as Swedish authorities will have to choose among the three solutions mentioned earlier.

Sweden intends to electrify more than 3,000 km (or 1,864 miles) of roads to accelerate the electric shift. In fact, according to one study, only 25% of the roads would need to be electrified to make the project attractive to motorists.

Moreover, this charging while driving would not only solve the problem of refueling or range anxiety, but would also reduce the size of batteries, since vehicles would no longer need to carry very large and heavy batteries under their floor. And smaller batteries also mean lower production costs, which could benefit the public.

It’s also worth mentioning that several nations – including Germany, France, the United Kingdom, India and the United States – are also working on their own road electrification projects. It is questionable whether this type of technology can be implemented in Canada, where the climate could thwart the arrival of these electrified roads. On the other hand, the experience accumulated in Sweden will certainly be very enriching for Nordic countries like ours.

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